Monthly Archives: April 2013

Sexual Assault Awareness Month – April 2013

Sexual Assault Awareness Month

Talk Early, Talk Often


What is Sexual Assault Awareness Month?

Nationally, Sexual Assault Awareness Month (SAAM) occurs in April and commits to raising awareness and promoting the prevention of sexual violence through use of special events and public education.

Sexual violence is a very serious public health problem that affects millions of women and men. In the United States, 1 in 5 women and 1 in 71 men have been raped in their lifetime and nearly 1 in 2 women and 1 in 5 men have experienced other forms of sexual violence at some point in their lives. Many Victims do not Disclose Sexual Violence.

Working to Prevent Sexual Violence

CDC uses a 4-step approach to address public health problems such as sexual violence:

  1. Define the problem
  2. Identify risk and protective factors
  3. Develop and test prevention strategies
  4. Assure widespread adoption (this is where SAAM comes in)

The ultimate goal is to stop sexual violence before it begins.


Get Involved:

Join the conversation. Start talking about healthy childhood development to prevent child sexual abuse.

  • “Tweet about it! Tuesdays” are chats happening on Twitter every Tuesday in April as a part of Sexual Assault Awareness Month (SAAM). Join experts for a one-hour live discussion of child sexual abuse prevention and the role all adults can play in promoting healthy development.
  • Share a SAAM Informational Video:
  • Have a movie screening: The NSVRC is partnering with the Media Education Foundation for National Sexual Violence Awareness Month 2013 to offer reduced pricing on select films exclusively to Sexual Assault Awareness Month activity organizers. You can order films at SAAM prices through April 30, 2013. Over twenty fabulous films are included ranging from The Line to Wrestling with Manhood.
  • Show your support: wear a teal ribbon. Teal is the official ribbon color for Sexual Assault Awareness.

If you are, or someone you know is a victim of sexual violence: Contact the Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network (RAINN) hotline at 1-800-656-HOPE (Free, Confidential, 24/7) and get information at:


Sexual Assault Awareness

Student Academic Conference 2013

Student Academic Conference 2013

This year we had an amazing group of students represent the School of Nursing & Healthcare Leadership in the 2013 Student Academic Conference. While the subjects of their research varied greatly, each project had one thing in common: they aimed to expand the viewer’s knowledge of healthcare around the world. Below are the 2013 research projects.

Amie Bartlett & Jennifer Rekstad:

Cultural Competency Increases the Effectiveness of Health Education in Guatemala, Particularly When Addressing Malnutrition

Helps International, a non-profit organization, is helping alleviate poverty in Latin America. Through Helps International medical trips, volunteers are providing culturally congruent health education, specifically about nutrition, to the people of Guatemala. Such health education is desperately needed in Guatemala, which has one of the highest rates of malnutrition in the world. It is estimated that in some rural villages, up to 80 percent of people suffer from chronic malnutrition. Malnutrition in Guatemala is not always due to lack of food, but rather lack of food rich in vitamins and nutrients. Diets in rural Guatemala consist mainly of rice and beans, which do not contain all the vitamins and nutrients necessary to grow and thrive. Malnutrition in babies and young children causes stunting of growth. Early stunting of growth is linked to lower IQ and decreased earning potential. As a result, the poverty cycle in Guatemala perpetuates the problem of malnutrition. Understanding cultural aspects of the malnutrition problems in Guatemala increases the volunteers’ ability to communicate health education to Guatemalans effectively. Once the cultural barrier is broken, the Guatemalan patients are more likely to understand and appreciate the importance of incorporating balanced nutrition into their diets.


Jennie Stauffer:

Hospice: Myths and Truths


Death cannot be avoided. It is part of the cycle of life. There are many myths surrounding Hospice–what it is and what it offers. Hospice focuses on providing ‘care’ for patients, rather than seeking a ‘cure’ at a time that ‘cure’ is not possible. Hospice offers individualized services for a person’s last months or days to make them as rich as possible. Education for patients, families, and Hospice staff is vital to assure quality care which is within the scope of practice of the Baccalaureate nurse. This poster will describe Hospice, the care provided and the role of the nurse in supporting individuals and their families during their final journey in life.



Karen Harris:

Indian Health Services


Indian Health Services is responsible for providing comprehensive health care to over 566 federally recognized tribes as well as Alaskan Natives. Through a special government-to-government relationship established in 1787 and upheld in our Constitution, Indian Health Services advocates for optimal health in Native people. Native Americans experience some of the worst health conditions in the Unites States. An interactive clinical nursing experience was completed on Leech Lake Reservation, in Cass Lake Minnesota with the Chippewa Nation. Nursing care was provided to multiple band members in the areas of Urgent Care and Emergency Services. Like most other health care facilities facing budget cuts and staffing shortages, Indian Health Services in Cass Lake is able to perform at an optimal level providing physical, mental, social and spiritual health. Holistic nursing is at the center of every nursing interaction in order to promote culturally appropriate care. It is imperative as our Federal Government continues to cut health care costs, that Indian Health Services receives appropriate funding to continue its mission.

“I was honored to present at the Academic Conference at MSUM about Indian Health Services (IHS).  The subject was tied to my clinical experience at Leach Lake Reservation in Cass Lake, MN.  The conference provided me with an opportunity to educate people about IHS as well as provide more tools for nurses in achieving maximum health outcomes in Native people” – Karen Harris


Jill David & Jennifer Kastl:

Medical Mission Work in Nicaragua


BACKGROUND: In February, 2013, six MSUM RN to BSN students traveled to Nicaragua as part of a MEDICO medical mission trip. Over seven days, the team saw over 600 patients, including medical and dental patients. ASSESSMENT: Nicaragua is the second poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Lack of public health services put the population at risk for preventable diseases. The RN to BSN students will present the details of preparing for the trip, the work they did there, what the students saw and what they learned. The nurses grew in their medical knowledge as well as their cultural knowledge. They will reflect on their experiences as care providers, how their nursing practice has been changed by this experience as well as the profound personal effects of participating in a medical mission trip.


Kristi Baukol:

Nitrous Oxide: A Laughing Gas!

Nitrous oxide (N2O), an odorless gas, has been used for decades by dentists to alleviate pain and anxiety. Children often undergo painful procedures in hospitals and clinics similar to those done in dentistry but N2O is not routinely used by nurses or physicians. The current standard practice of restraint causes children pain and anxiety. N2O has been proven safe with minimal side effects and it is easily administered. A CINAHL search was completed using the key words nitrous oxide, pediatrics, anesthesiology, minor pediatric procedures, and pain control in children. The research was completed to learn more about nitrous oxide administration to develop a protocol using evidence based practice. The nurse administered nitrous oxide program in the clinic will reduce pain and anxiety in children under the age of 18 undergoing minor procedures. With the implementation of this protocol, N2O can safely be administered in the clinic setting by trained registered nurses.

The Student Academic Conference was a great way to showcase all of the hard work done during the semester. It was also great to meet classmates and see all of the hard work they did throughout the semester!” – Kristi Baukol


Christine VanAlstyne:

Volunteering for a Medical Mission Trip

The World Health Organization believes quality medical care to be a human right (Miller et al., 2008). Yet, “Poverty is stifling human dignity, hunger is weakening physical potential, and violence is destroying life” for billions left underserved (Miller et al., 2008, p. 5). For many this is a call to action. Balancing local values with western medicine on this student’s trip to Guatemala incorporated Leininger’s theory of “Transcultural Care” and a review of local customs (Transcultural Nursing, 2012). Providing medical services is more complicated than a simple lack of resources. Lack of equipment, language barriers, and “local standards of modesty can preclude a good physical examination” (Chickering, 2006, p. 190). It is also important to consider the strain on volunteers experiencing the “extreme stress, casualties, poverty, illnesses, and traumatic injuries” (Ullah, 2010, p. 22). Volunteers must be prepared to care for themselves, each other, and indigenous peoples. Volunteers find that knowledge, respect and an open minded approach to local customs, treatments and beliefs improve diagnosis and treatment. With a balanced approach to self-care and caring for others, volunteering has unparalleled rewards. By continued engagement and recruitment the illusory vision of providing quality medical care to all people becomes increasingly tangible.

World Malaria Day – April 25, 2013

World Malaria Day

Invest in the Future: Defeat Malaria

World Malaria Day started in 2007 and is commemorated on April 25, the date in 2000 when 44 African leaders met in Abuja, Nigeria, and committed their countries to cutting malaria-related deaths. The movement has saved approximately 1.1 million lives globally, decreasing malaria mortality by nearly 25% globally.

What is Malaria?

Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Left untreated, they may develop severe complications and die. In 2010 an estimated 216 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide and 655,000 people died, most (91%) in the African Region.

Malaria 1

Can it be cured?

Malaria is preventable and curable. Significant progress has been made since 2000 thanks to increased global investment and action. Despite recent progress, about half the world’s population still lives in malaria risk areas and malaria remains a leading cause of death amongst young children.


Video on the history of malaria and attempts to fight it:


What is the United States doing to help?

The CDC supports global malaria efforts through the President’s Malaria Initiative, a U.S. government interagency initiative to reduce malaria incidence and mortality in 19 countries in sub-Saharan Africa and in the Greater Mekong Subregion in Asia. This effort has helped deliver millions of insecticide-treated mosquito nets, antimalarial drugs, and rapid diagnostic test kits to ensure that everyone at risk for malaria has access to life-saving prevention and treatment. In addition, CDC conducts research globally to increase knowledge about malaria and develop safe, effective interventions that can lead to the elimination and eventual eradication of malaria.


What is this year’s theme?

Despite the successes, an estimated 660,000 malaria-related deaths occurred worldwide in 2010 (1). For 2013, the theme of World Malaria Day is “Invest in the Future: Defeat Malaria,” which serves as a reminder of the ultimate goal.


What can you do to take action? Malaria 101

A free accredited Continuing Nursing Education (CNE) course is available to help you gain knowledge about the disease and how to combat it:


Excellent article on combating Malaria, supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation:

Malaria 2



Blood Drive 2013 – Healthcare Leaders

United Blood Services will be on campus on May 2nd from noon-4 p.m. in the CMU, Room 203. There is a sign up sheet that is posted in the School of Nursing and Healthcare Leadership (Lommen 213) for those who would like to donate blood.
There will be a table set up in the CMU THIS week Tuesday from 10 a.m.-12 p.m., Wednesday from 2 p.m.-4 p.m., and Thursday from 10 a.m.-12 p.m. signing willing individuals up for donation on May 2nd.  Please stop by our table to sign up! 
For more information on the Healthcare Leadership Student Organization or to sign up for the blood drive via e-mail, please contact Dakhwaz Gardi ( or Dr. Nandita Bezbaruah (

Nicaragua and Nursing – Reflections Part I

The inception of the Nicaragua trip
I fell in love with public health nursing early on in my career. My focus was on high risk populations, which included people from various cultural backgrounds. When I was hired to teach at MSUM, I knew I wanted to carry that passion into an experience for our senior nursing students. My friend, a pediatrician at Hennepin County Medical Center, went on a yearly trip to Nicaragua with her medical students. Seeing this as a winwin educational opportunity for our nursing students, we connected and began the yearly trip to Nicaragua.

Initially, the lead organization we went with was ISLA. We are now under the umbrella of MEDICO. We focus our care in northern Nicaragua to the children with handicaps and their families. I have been taking students for 14 years now.

Why cultural care?
I grew up in a small town in southeast MN.
White and homogenous where Lutherans married Lutherans and Catholics married Catholics. Our big family outing was at Christmas time when we would go to downtown Minneapolis to shop and have a rare family meal at a restaurant.It was those once a year trips that triggered my curiosity for culture. Sad to say, it was the only time growing up that I saw people from a culture than my own.

When it came time for me to practice professional nursing, I was instantly drawn to the U of MN hospital which was well known as a teaching institution and quite diverse. After that position, I was drawn to public health nursing where I worked with cultures of rural, small town folks, Hutterite communities, Native Americans on two reservations, and the migrant Hispanic population.

As my career became focused on academics, my love of working with diverse populations stayed with me. This translated into being able to teach Transcultural nursing courses at both the undergraduate and graduate levels at MSU Moorhead. Early in my teaching career, I was given the opportunity to teach our final preceptorship course which is a capstone course where students demonstrate the skills and knowledge they have gained throughout their education. I thoughtstudents could demonstrate those skills in settings outside the US,”which then lead to the yearly Nicaragua trip.

Jane Bergland, PhD, RN, CNE
School of Nursing & Healthcare Leadership
Minnesota State University Moorhead

National Healthcare Decisions Day – April 16, 2013

National Healthcare Decisions Day: April 16, 2013

NHDD exists to inspire, educate, and empower the public and providers about the importance of advance care planning.

What is National Healthcare Decisions Day?

National Healthcare Decisions Day is a national initiative to encourage adults of all ages to plan ahead of a health crisis. Making decisions ahead of time and putting your wishes in writing brings peace of mind to families. It helps to avoid the difficult situations that are so common when a person becomes seriously ill and the family is left to guess what their loved one would have wanted. Another goal of this annual event is to encourage health care providers to discuss the topic with their patients.

Laughing Family

Informational Videos:

Promotional video:

Dealing with dying:

Overcoming Barriers to Difficult Conversations:

NHDD Impact Key Figures:

  • At least 1.4 million members of the general public participated in NHDD events and/or were known to have received advance directive information
  • Over 2.6 million geriatric care facility/organization staff members received NHDD/advance directive information or training
  • Over 4 million people were exposed to NHDD via various social media outlets: Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn


Quotes on NHDD:

“On a daily basis, hospice and palliative care providers witness families who have benefited from talking about their loved one’s wishes at life’s end and also see how challenging it can be when those conversations never happened,” said J. Donald Schumacher, NHPCO president and CEO.  “For those who have taken the time to have thoughtful conversations – often long before a serious illness might be an issue – there can be much reassurance and comfort in knowing what is important to a loved one.”

“As a result of National Healthcare Decisions Day, many more people in our community can be expected to have thoughtful conversations about their healthcare decisions and complete reliable advance directives to make their wishes known,” said Nathan A. Kottkamp, NHDD founder and chair.

Federal Patient Self-Determination Act:

The Federal Patient Self-Determination Act requires that all Medicare-participating healthcare facilities inquire about and provide information to patients on Advance Directives; it also requires these facilities to provide community education on Advance Directives.

What is an Advance Directive?

All adults can benefit from thinking about what their healthcare choices would be if they were unable to speak for themselves.  These decisions can be written down in an advance directive so that others know what they are.  Advance directives come in two main forms:

  • A “healthcare power of attorney” (or “proxy” or “agent” or “surrogate”) documents the person you select to be your voice for your healthcare decisions if you cannot speak for yourself.
  • A “living will” documents what kinds of medical treatments you would or would not want at the end of life.

Download Free State Specific Advance Directives :


  • 42% of Americans have had a friend or relative suffer from a terminal illness or coma in the last five years and for a majority of these people and 23% of the general public, the issue of withholding life sustaining treatment came up.
  • An overwhelming majority of the public supports laws that give patients the right to decide whether they want to be kept alive through medical treatment.
  • By more than eight-to-one (84%-10%), the public approves of laws that let terminally ill patients make decisions about whether to be kept alive through medical treatment.
  • One of the most striking changes between 1990 and 2005 is the growth in the number of people who say they have a living will – up 17 points, from 12% in 1990 to 29% now.

All healthcare institutions are required to:

  • Provide information about healthcare decision-making rights
  • Ask all patients if they have an advance directive
  • Educate their staff and community about advance directives
  • Not discriminate against patients based on an advance directive status

Standing Family

NHDD Description:

How to get involved and resources to help you do so:

Also, you can call: (888) 5-WISHES to request free NHDD buttons and stickers.


Relay for Life – 2013

The Healthcare Leadership Student Organization at MSUM is involved in the Relay for Life 2013. I am pleased to announce that they are currently ranked as one of the top four in regard to fundraising for this community event. This is truly for a worthy cause and develops future leaders in the healthcare field. The Student Healthcare Leadership organization is involved in several volunteer activities and this is a way for the group to give back to the community.  If you would want to be part of this cause and like to donate, please click on the following link

Thank you for your support! If you need further information, please contact me at


Nandita Bezbaruah, MSW, MPA, PhD

Assistant Professor

School of Nursing and Healthcare Leadership

Minnesota State University Moorhead

Student Academic Conference – April 16, 2013

The School of Nursing & Healthcare Leadership is proud to announce the participation in the annual Student Academic Conference at Minnesota State University Moorhead on Tuesday, April 16, 2013.  Please review the listing below for all of our student oral presentations and posters.

Student Academic Conference


Title: Cultural Competency Increases the Effectiveness of Health Education in Guatemala, Particularly When Addressing Malnutrition
Type: Poster/Display/ Table
Students:Amie Bartlett and Jennifer Rekstad
Faculty Advisor: Jane Bergland
Time: 9:30-10:50am
Location: CMU Hallway

Title: Hospice: Myths and Truths
Type: Poster/Display/ Table
Student: Jennie Stauffer
Faculty Advisor: Barbara Matthees
Time: 2:30-3:30pm
Location: CMU Hallway

Title: Indian Health Services
Poster/Display/ Table
Karen Harris
Faculty Advisor:
Jane Bergland
CMU Hallway

Title: Medical Mission Work in Nicaragua
Poster/Display/ Table
Jill David and Jennifer Kastl
Faculty Advisor:
Jane Bergland
CMU Hallway

Title: Nitrous Oxide: A Laughing Gas!
Poster/Display/ Table
Kristi Baukol
Faculty Advisor:
Vicki Teske
CMU Hallway

Title: Volunteering for a Medical Mission Trip
Poster/Display/ Table
Christine VanAlstyne
Faculty Advisor:
Jane Bergland
CMU Hallway

Health Services Administration

Title: Work-site Health Promotion
Oral Presentation
Bryce Tveter
Faculty Advisor:
Melanie Schicker
CMU Hallway

Community Health

Title: Increasing Diabetes in China and Its Impact
Oral Presentation
Eva McClain
Faculty Advisor:
Nandita Bezbaruah
CMU Hallway

National Public Health Week – April 1st-7th, 2013

National Public Health Week: April 1st-7th, 2013

Public Health is a Return on Investment:

Save Lives, Save Money


The cost of U.S. health care is rising faster than national income. But studies have shown that investing $10 per person each year in proven, community-based public health efforts could save the U.S. more than $16 billion over 5 years, which is a $5.60 return for every $1 invested. Investing in public health is a long-term process, but if done correctly, it is one that will show a huge return in the future.



History of National Public Health Week

In 1995, former President William Jefferson Clinton proclaimed the first full week of April as National Public Health Week (NPHW). Each year since then, the public health community has celebrated this observance by focusing on an issue that is important to improving the public’s health.

The American Public Health Association (APHA) serves as the lead organizer of NPHW and with the help of its 50,000 members and hundreds of organizational partners, educate the public, policymakers, and practitioners about the importance of public health.

This year National Public Health Week will have five sub-themes:

  • Monday: Ensuring a safe, healthy home;
  • Tuesday: Providing a safe environment for children at school;
  • Wednesday: Creating a healthy workplace;
  • Thursday: Protecting drivers, passengers and pedestrians; and
  • Friday: Empowering a healthy community.

Public Health Promotion Events Happening Around the Country and Near You:

Highlighted Events in Minnesota and North Dakota:

  • National Public Health Week Film Festival- held Monday, April 1st starting at 4:00 PM through Friday, April 5th;  in the University of Minnesota Mayo Memorial Auditorium.
  • Research Day Competition- held Friday, April 5th at 4:00 PM in the University of Minnesota Coffman Memorial Union Great Hall.
  • Public Health Practice and the North Dakota State MPH- held Wednesday, April 3rd at 11:00 AM through Friday, April 5th at 1:15 PM in the NDSU Memorial Union.

How can I help promote public health?

Start small:

  • Speak up about the importance of physical education in school.
  • Volunteer for school health education efforts that teach kids to say no to tobacco, drugs and alcohol.
  • Support evidence-based sexual health education that’s aimed at preventing disease and unplanned pregnancy and is inclusive of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender students.
  • Stay up to date on recommended vaccinations for yourself and your loved ones.
  • Gather your household for a night of emergency preparedness: Make plans for putting together an emergency stockpile kit, create a crisis communication plan, designate an emergency meeting place and hold household emergency drills.
  • Look up the national Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans to see how much physical activity you should get on a daily basis and encourage family and friends to do the same. Visit to learn more.

Then think big:

  • Encourage schools to get involved in the national HealthierUS School Challenge, a voluntary certification initiative that recognizes schools that have created healthier environments by promoting nutrition and physical activity.
  • Encourage local leaders to support transportation planning decisions that incorporate safe routes to walk and bike to school. Get involved in your local Safe Routes to School Program or organize an event during International Walk to School Day.
  • Let your national leaders know that you support the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs, which provide all children with access to nutritious meals, regardless of their family’s income.
  • Volunteer to speak about the importance of public health and prevention at local schools, houses of worship, workplaces and community organizations.
  • Create a local health movement! Start a healthy food co-op, organize a canning circle, gather a walking group or form a club dedicated to volunteering.
  • Encourage local restaurants to provide nutrition information on their menus.
  • Participate in workplace safety trainings and take advantage of workplace wellness efforts, such as flu shot clinics or exercise programs.
  • Help organize a yoga or Tai Chi class for older adults to help improve balance and prevent falls.
  • Get involved in community efforts addressing the growing epidemic of prescription drug abuse, such as promoting drug take-back events.
  • Spread the word about emergency preparedness at your children’s school, your parents’ retirement community and the other places you spend time. Volunteer to help these places assess their readiness and start planning.

Student Involvement Opportunities:

Students from colleges all across America made efforts to promote public health; here are some examples of what they did:

Looking to get involved? Here are some helpful resources to get you started:

This information was compiled from a variety of sources for the informational and educational use of MSUM students. For further information please visit the link to those sources as provided below: